Proctology is a field of medicine that focuses on diagnosis and treatment of the lower segments of the alimentary tract, i.e. anus, anal canal, rectum and large bowel.
The majority of patients with proctological problems visit a specialist at advanced disease stages because they tend to belittle their early symptoms Usually one visit is enough to define the problem and start the treatment. Whether the medical treatment will be an effective method depends on the stage of the disease. Sometimes a minor or major surgery procedure may be necessary.
If you observe blood in your stools, a changed rhythm of your bowel movements mucous-coated or otherwise changed stools, or unexpected weight loss, you should visit this specialist as soon as possible.